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5 Axis CNC Machining

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Machining processes have evolved a lot since their inception. Starting from the handcrafting machining tools, in 1952, Richard Kegg developed the first CNC machine in collaboration with MIT. All this development and progress has led to the invention of 5-axis CNC machining. Read More…

5 Axis CNC Machining Machining processes have evolved a lot since their inception. Starting from the handcrafting machining tools, in 1952, Richard Kegg developed the first CNC machine in collaboration with MIT. All this development and progress has led to the invention of 5-axis CNC machining.
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Leading Manufacturers

Calabasas, CA  |  866-317-0208

CNC Machining of high precision commercial grade parts for the electronics industry. We sell high precision Commercial Grade CNC Machine Parts. Such as Swiss Screw Machining, 5 Axis CNC Lathe Machining, Vertical Milling, Horizontal Milling, and 4 Axis CNC Machining. CNC Lathe and Swiss Screw Machine parts range in size from .020” to 9.0" diameter. CNC Mill parts fit within one square foot roughly. Tolerances held vary from +-.001" to ±0.0004".

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Pacific West America, Inc. $$$

Greeneville, TN  |  423-638-1284

With nearly 40 years industry experience, we have what it takes to satisfy your every need. We are committed to our CNC machining quality, as our ISO 9001:2008 certification shows.

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Valk Industries, Inc. $$$

Mesa, AZ  |  520-720-3085

ZETWERK provides high-quality cnc machining for our clients worldwide. We pride ourselves on our high-quality products, strong project management, and cutting-edge technology. ZETWERK is ISO 9001:2015 and AS9100D certified. Our investment casting plants are ISO 13485:2016 certified.

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Reed City, MI  |  231-832-2356

H & R is a custom manufacturer of high volume superior parts, providing CNC machining for tight tolerance and also lower volume applications too.

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H & R Screw Machine Products, Inc. $$$

Detroit, MI  |  313-366-4120

Detroit Edge Tool Company is an industry-leading machine tool components manufacturer that offers CNC machining, drilling, and precision grinding. Detroit Edge Tool also manufactures linear motion components and has 135 years of experience. Industries served include machine tool, aerospace, steel mill, and automation industries.

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Detroit Edge Tool Co. $$$

Easton, PA  |  800-275-0818

At Unicast, our customers know that we are the CNC machining service to turn to when you need your products on time and at a competitive rate. We serve a variety of industries including military, mining, and packaging as well as many others.

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Unicast Inc. $$$

Brentwood, NY  |  800-238-3929

Thuro Metal Products is a CNC machining service provider. Our expertise is in the utilization of CNC controlled turning and milling machines as well as multi-spindle, single spindle, and Swiss screw machines.

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Thuro Metal Products, Inc. $$$
placeholder image Pacific West America, Inc. Valk Industries, Inc. ZETWERK H & R Screw Machine Products, Inc. Detroit Edge Tool Co. Unicast Inc. Thuro Metal Products, Inc.

A new concept of 5-axis CNC machining has revolutionized the machining methodology. In a 5-axis machine, a part or a tool can be rotated along five individual axes. The basic machining axis is the X, Y, and Z-axis. A 5-axis CNC machining tool can spin two more axes, A and B, giving it a multi-directional technique.

5 Axis Machining VS. 3 and Single-Axis Machining

  • When talking about 1-axis machining, we can take the drill press as an example since it can only operate upwards and downwards.
  • In 3-axis machining, the machine can move right to the left, forward and reverse, and up and down using the same mechanism. While working on a 3-axis machine, users may maneuver a tool along the X and Y axes while moving up and down utilizing the Z-axis.
  • Users receive two more rotating axes with 5-axis machining, which opens up many new milling options. A, which rotates about the X-axis, B, which spins around the Y-axis, and C, which rotates around the Z-axis, define these rotational axes. The number of extra axes depends on the machine and can be any combination of AB, AC, or BC.
  • The cutting tool might approach the component from all directions with the additional axes, allowing undercutting that would only be allowed on lower axis machines if the item was re-positioned. This consumes time and exposes the process to mistakes, which may be avoided by utilizing a 5-axis CNC machine.

Advantages of 5 Axis Machining

Following are some useful benefits of 5-axis machining:

  • Better Finishing of the surface: The components alignment is closer to the cutting tool using 5-axis machining. The fifth axes allow the CNC Machinist to operate a shorter cutting tool, which vibrates less and produces a better surface finish.
  • Improved Tool Life and Precision: By needing fewer setups, 5-axis machining enhances precision. With more setups, there's a greater chance of making a mistake. Some activities can even be completed in a single setup, lowering the chance of mistakes significantly. Longer tool life is associated with shorter cutting tools. Machines with five axes allow the machine head to be closer to the cutter's surface. As a result, a faster cutting speed may be used, resulting in extended tool life due to less vibration.
  • Reducing Complexity in Production: With the extra mobility provided by 5-axis machining, you may create more complicated forms and patterns. 5-axis machining avoids the requirement for sophisticated fixtures since the workpiece may be held and rotated in a single operation to obtain the appropriate shape.
  • An Edge Over Competitors: Not every company has a 5-axis machine, but if you do, you'll be able to offer your consumers something that your competitors can't.

Applications of 5 Axis CNC Machining

Here are a few important applications of 5 axis CNC machining:

  1. Energy: Unusual forms are also required by the energy sector to use different generating and containment systems. These criteria are well within the capabilities of 5-axis machining.
  2. General Industrial: Companies utilize 5-axis machining to create a variety of conventional and customized materials and accessories, including tools and mechanical components, for broad industrial purposes.
  3. Aerospace: 5-Axis machining is ideal for making aircraft components since it creates very complicated, precise parts. Turbine blades and valves are two examples of goods made using this method.
  4. Automotive: Like the aircraft industry, the automobile sector frequently demands components with unusual forms and stringent tolerances. Automobile parts, such as housings, covers, and engine parts, are often made in even larger quantities.
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